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July 6, 2022 7:00 am

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Puerto Rico Topics and Daily News Review from Michael_Novakhov (11 sites): “New Energy PR” – Google News: Electric Last Mile Solutions, Inc. Announces Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Filing – PR Newswire

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Puerto Rico Topics and Daily News Review from Michael_Novakhov (11 sites): “Renewable Energy” – Google News: ConnectGen part 2 solar project in Glen nets award from NYSERDA – The Daily Gazette – The Daily Gazette

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Citizenship: Jus Soli vs. Jus Sanguinis

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Andres Cordova has written an essay at El Vocero examining the issue of citizenship under independence, with or without a Compact of Free Association.  “The misnamed draft consensus Puerto Rico Status Act bill implies certain premises that require further discussion, particularly with regard to American citizenship under Independence under its two modalities,” he writes. “The draft provides that under Independence or Free Association those who already possess American citizenship by birth (known as jus soli) will retain it, but from the transfer of sovereignty, birth in Puerto Rico will cease to be a reason for its acquisition, but those born to parents with citizenship (known as jus sanguinis) may be eligible to apply for it for the period of time covered by the first agreement between the United States and Puerto Rico.”

What is jus soli?

Jus soli” is a Latin phrase translating into English as “right of the soil.” It refers to citizenship based on place of birth. In more than 30 countries, including the United States, children born within the borders of the country are automatically citizens of that nation.

Not all countries follow the custom of jus soli. For example, the Dominican Republic ended just soli in 2013. Australia also does not automatically confer citizenship on babies born in Australia.

If Puerto Rico were to become an independent country, the new nation would have to decide whether or not people born in Puerto Rico would automatically become citizens of Puerto Rico. At present, the territory of Puerto Rico provides jus soli U.S. citizenship: everyone born in Puerto Rico is a U.S. citizen. This will continue to be true if Puerto Rico becomes a State.

What is jus sanguinis?

The Latin phrase “jus sanguinis” means “right of blood.” For nations that give jus sanguinis, a child has the same nationality as his or her parents, regardless of where the child was born. The child of a French citizen is a citizen of France, wherever the birth takes place.

The United States uses both just soli and jus sanguinis.

A child born outside the United States to a U.S. citizen is often a U.S. citizen, but not always. There are requirements based on the circumstances of the parents:

  • The child’s legal parents must be married to each other and at least one of them must be the biological parent of that child.
  • The parent must meet residence or physical presence requirements. These requirements vary over time and can change again in the future. The parent must meet the physical presence requirements which were current when the child was born.

There are many complicated possibilities here, and the law specifies the outcomes of many of them. For example, what would be the position of a baby born abroad to a man who is a U.S. citizen who is married to another man who is not a U.S. citizen, and whose mother is a U.S. citizen who lives in the United States and is not married to the father? The law is complicated because it covers all these various scenarios.

This law also changes from time to time. In some cases, a person born before noon would have to meet a different set of criteria from someone born after noon on the same day. Since the law changes, decisions in each case must be made on the basis of the law as it was in force at the time of birth.

What would this mean in a nation of Puerto Rico?

“The due process of law required to demarcate American citizenship from Puerto Rican citizenship under the assumption of independence/sovereignty is already implicitly contemplated in the naturalization processes of the Immigration and Naturalization Act for the children of American citizens born abroad,” Cordova wrote. “Anyone who wanted to retain their American citizenship would have to take the affirmative acts required by those born abroad.”

If Congress agrees that current Puerto Rico-born U.S. citizens may keep their citizenship, their children would presumably be subject to the same complex rules as children of U.S. citizens born in other foreign jurisdictions.

However, Cordova makes a good point. “It would have been enough for the draft to include language that said that under independence/sovereignty the continuity of American citizenship would be governed by the provisions of the Immigration and Naturalization Act,” he pointed out. “The lack of that language forces us to ask: Why its absence?”

Perhaps the drafters of the law envision a special set of rules for the children of people born in Puerto Rico before independence. Perhaps they could acquire citizenship regardless of marital status or physical presence or other factors affecting other children of U.S. citizens who are born abroad. If this is the intention, the bill would represent a significant change in immigration law and further review and analysis would be in order.

The post Citizenship: Jus Soli vs. Jus Sanguinis appeared first on Puerto Rico Report.


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Lamont says $875M fund for needy towns ‘step in right direction’ – CT Insider

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Puerto Rico Tribune: Ukrainians are using 3D technology to preserve hundreds of cultural artifacts in a digital archive, far away from Russia’s attacks

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The content originally appeared on: CNN

A blown-up Russian tank near Kyiv, a monument for Ukrainian writer Borys Hrinchenko, an apartment building destroyed by artillery and a slide in a children’s playground covered in graffiti.

In Ukraine, these objects are among hundreds of landmarks, cultural sites, monuments and everyday things that civilians have scanned on mobile phones through an app called Polycam. The app’s software generates a detailed 3D model that will live permanently in a digital archive as part of an initiative called Backup Ukraine.

The project, launched in April shortly after Russia invaded Ukraine, aims to digitally preserve the country’s cultural heritage — far from the reach of Russian attacks. The scans are so high-quality, the project’s creators say, that they can be projected in a physical space to explore for educational purposes and can also be used to reconstruct destroyed cultural artifacts.

Backup Ukraine is the brainchild of VICE’s creative agency, Virtue Worldwide, which partnered with Blue Shield Denmark, a group that helps to protect global cultural heritage sites, and the Danish UNESCO National Commission.

“What we wanted to fight against was the willful destruction of Ukrainian heritage as an act of terror, of national intimidation. That has been proven very, very real,” said Tao Thomsen, creative director at Virtue Worldwide and co-creator of Backup Ukraine.

Ukraine’s Ministry of Culture has documented 367 war crimes against the country’s cultural heritage as of May 27, including the destruction of 29 museums, 133 churches, 66 theaters and libraries and a century-old Jewish cemetery, according to its website.

With Backup Ukraine, for the first time in history a country’s artifacts are being documented in augmented reality during an ongoing war, a precedent that has sparked conversations about how this technology can be used in other countries experiencing conflict or war. The team is also exploring the possibility of creating 3D models of destroyed churches and buildings that haven’t been scanned, using digital footage from the past.

“We’ve created a precedent here in terms of protecting cultural artifacts and a model, a system that people can use going forward as conflict develops,” said Iain Thomas, group creative director at Virtue Worldwide and co-creator of the project.

“One of the more amazing things is that people are scanning monuments, statues and sculptures, but they are also scanning small aspects of their lives — things they own, value and cherish,” Thomas said.

Backup Ukraine grows into movement

The Backup Ukraine team is onboarding local project managers to “slowly hand over ownership to the Ukrainians themselves,” and 150 people have joined as volunteers, scanning up to 10 pieces of culturally relevant heritage each day, Thomsen said. Since its launch, over 6,000 people in Ukraine have downloaded the Polycam app to access the digital archive.

Max Kamynin, a Kyiv resident and architect, says he volunteered for the initiative roughly a month ago and allocates three to four days per week to make scans, during which he aims to create 15 to 20 high-quality scans. Before each day of scanning, Kamynin makes a list of monuments, historical buildings or objects destroyed by Russian forces and follows the route, he says.

“Now, a lot of large monuments are covered with bags, so I can’t scan them. But it doesn’t really bother me because Ukraine is very rich in history and you can always find something interesting to scan,” he said.

It took Kamynin roughly an hour to scan the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Pirogoshcha, an Orthodox cathedral in Kyiv, originally built in 1132. It was the first building in Kyiv that was built entirely of brick without the use of stone, according to the church’s website. The church was destroyed in 1935 during the Soviet era but was later reconstructed in the late 1900s.

Kamynin made a 3D scan of the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Pirogoshcha, an Orthodox cathedral in Kyiv, originally built in 1132. Credit: Courtesy Maxim Kamynin

“Large buildings are more difficult to make scans than sculptures or monuments,” Kamynin said. “You need to go around the entire building, and if possible, use a drone to make the scan better.”

Backup Ukraine’s creators say it has transformed into a movement, as Ukrainian civilians increasingly recognize the importance of protecting the history, art and culture of their country and look to its future.

“We advise people not to scan in areas where there is immediate conflict,” Thomsen said. “There is a slip-up risk whenever you go out in a country that is very much at war. We can’t ignore that. And yet, people still go out by the dozens every day to scan. That to me proves that the national pride of this is a really strong driving factor.”

Hundreds of cultural heritage sites destroyed

Since the onset of the war, Ukraine’s cultural sector has rushed to protect churches, museums, statues and art as they continue to suffer damage.

Ukraine’s President, Volodymyr Zelensky, has appealed to UNESCO to remove Russia from its membership because it has destroyed “so many monuments, cultural and social sites in Europe since World War II,” CNN previously reported.

Kamynin created a 3D scan of one of the destroyed buildings in Borodyanka, Ukraine, by using the Polycam app. Credit: Courtesy Maxim Kamynin

One of the destroyed buildings in Borodyanka that was scanned in 3D. Credit: Courtesy Maxim Kamynin

The leaders of Backup Ukraine are in regular contact with the Heritage Emergency Rescue Initiative — a Ukrainian drive under the Ministry of Culture — and are coordinating with professionals in the 3D scanning industry, in Ukraine and globally, to scan at a faster pace and larger scale.

The project’s partners are also in discussions with the local departments of the Ministry of Culture about scanning high-profile heritage locations on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites list, specifically the historic center in Lviv and the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv, according to Thomsen.

The 3D scanning of Ukraine’s cultural heritage is a “fantastic educational tool,” said Yuri Shevchuk, a professor of the Ukrainian language at Columbia University.

“What is being done now is almost like making Ukrainian history undeletable, resistant to time,” said Shevchuk, a Ukraine native. “You can use this as education for students but also for Ukrainians themselves and the world. The project also causes us, as Ukrainians, to rethink and rediscover what has been largely unnoticed.”

Shevchuk says projects like Backup Ukraine serve a larger purpose in fighting against Russian aggression and propaganda that does not recognize Ukraine’s unique cultural identity and territorial sovereignty.

“Ukraine, its identity and its realization simply do not exist [to Russia], but that they are a variety of Russian civilization,” Shevchuk said. “Those attributes of Ukrainian identity like culture, language, literature, music and architecture are really something that mark Ukrainians as original, inimitable and different from any other nation.”

They must be preserved, he says.

4440766 Puerto Rico Tribune


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Puerto Rico Tribune: Video of women being brutally attacked sparks outrage in China

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The content originally appeared on: CNN

(CNN)Nine people have been arrested in China following an assault on four women in the northern city of Tangshan on Friday, local police said in a statement on Saturday.

Graphic security footage showing scenes from the incident was posted on social media on Friday, triggering national outrage and sparking heated discussions online about women’s safety and rights in China.
Time-stamped surveillance footage circulating widely online shows a man walking into a barbeque restaurant at around 2:40 am local time on Friday and walking past a woman who is sitting down and eating with her companions. The man is seen approaching one of the women and placing his hand on her back, before she grabs him by the wrist and pushes him away.
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The woman can be heard questioning him, surveillance footage shows. Following the woman’s resistance, the man responds by slapping the woman in the face.
A scuffle between the two begins, surveillance footage shows. The woman tries to get him away by attempting to hit him with a glass bottle.
Surveillance footage shows the woman’s friends trying to stop the fight and being beaten by the man as well as a group of other men who rush into the restaurant.
In the footage, several women can be seen being punched, kicked, grabbed and dragged by the hair on the ground.
The graphic video footage showing the women being beaten caused a national outcry over women’s safety. After the video went public, Tangshan police published a statement on Friday afternoon saying they had identified the suspects and were searching for them.
In another statement issued on Friday, Tangshan police said two women had been sent to the hospital after being attacked and were in stable condition, while two other women sustained minor injuries,
On Saturday, local police sent an update saying that they have detained all nine suspects, including seven men and their two female companions. The update said the two female victims who had sustained non-life-threatening injuries were being treated in the hospital and were in stable condition.
The incident was widely discussed on Chinese social media over the weekend and triggered public anger in the country. Some people online are questioning the safety of women in China, while others are discussing systemic violence against women in the country.
Many celebrities have also come out to show support for the victims. Actor Jackie Chan posted on his Weibo account, saying, “I’m so angry and I can’t sleep the whole night. What saddens me the most is that only women stepped in to help each other, while the men standing by did nothing.”
Provincial authorities ordered the criminal investigation of this case to be moved to Langfang, a separate city in Hebei province, according to a statement by Langfang police late Saturday.
Such a move usually happens when the investigation is sensitive or important, or when the cases involve gang-related crimes and need to avoid local sheltering.

4440766 Puerto Rico Tribune


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